Reciprocating Air Compressors
Reciprocating air compressors (or piston compressors) are widely considered to be ‘work-horse’ compressors. The air compressor is a positive-displacement compressor that uses pistons connected to a crankshaft that delivers gases (typically air) at high pressure. The intake gas enters the suction manifold, then flows into the compression cylinder where it gets compressed by a piston driven in a reciprocating motion, and is then discharged.
A reciprocating air compressor is best suited for use in a variety of applications. Some of these applications include auto body and tire shops, woodworking facilities, hospitals, construction sites, amusement parks, industrial facilities, oil refineries, gas pipelines, chemical plants, natural gas processing plants and refrigeration plants.
Industrial reciprocating compressors are able to operate in a severe duty environments while having lower initial costs. They offer lower maintenance costs, and are ideal for intermittent duty operation. They save energy in no-load conditions and operate efficiently at partial loads. This results in a higher overall efficiency for many diverse applications. Piston air compressors are more forgiving than rotaries and normally operate more dependably in less than ideal conditions.
Also See Rotary Screw Air Compressors